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Tyneham is a ghost village on the Isle of Purbeck, Dorset.
The village and 7,500 acres of surrounding heathland and chalk downland around the Purbeck Hills were requisitioned just before Christmas 1943 by the then War Office (now MoD) for use as firing ranges for training troops.
225 people were displaced and the last person leaving left a poignant notice on the church door:
Please treat the church and houses with care; we have given up our homes where many of us lived for generations to help win the war to keep men free. We shall return one day and thank you for treating the village kindly.
The requisition was supposed to be temporary for the duration of World War II, but in 1948 the Army placed a compulsory purchase order on the land and it has remained in use for military training ever since.
Although littered with scrap used as targets and subject to regular shelling, the land has become a haven for wildlife as it has been free from farming and development.
In 1975 after complaints from tourists and locals, the Ministry of Defence began opening the village and footpaths across the ranges at weekends and throughout August. Many of the village buildings have fallen into disrepair or have been damaged by shelling and in 1967 the then Ministry of Works pulled down the Elizabethan manor house, though the church remains intact, and has a stained-glass window by Martin Travers.
The church and school house have since been preserved as museums and in 2008 Tyneham Farm was reopened to the public and conservation work there is ongoing.
In 1985 the village was used for the filming of Comrades, which depicts the story of the Tolpuddle Martyrs. The church had a fibreglass tower and large additional gravestones, and Post Office Row was fronted with fibreglass cottages. During the filming Tyneham’s original 1929 K1 Mark 236 telephone kiosk was destroyed and the film company sourced a replacement.
The village was also the setting for the climax to the comic-thriller Angel’s Share by Mike Ripley (2006).
Today Tyneham is open to the public and can be visited most weekend throughout the year. There’s a large car park (£2 suggested donation) a is a good place to start when exploring the Jurassic Coast or walking to Worbarrow Bay.
Please visit the website for opening times and further information.